Smart buildings give solutions, increase efficiency, and save energy and consumption costs.
Smart buildings inside a smart grid can not only help with load shifting, increasing energy efficiency, and lowering power usage, but they can also help reduce CO2 emissions. The smart home notion arose from the concept of home automation, which offers end-user benefits such as lower energy costs, increased comfort, security, and help to everyone, even the disabled.
Smart Building Technologies Concept
Smart building technology is the integration of four systems: A Building Automation System (BAS), a Telecommunications System (TS), an Office Automation System (OAS), and a Computer-Aided Facility Management System (CAFM).
According to the researchers, home automation systems are causing interesting results in terms of increased efficiency, waste reduction, accessibility, comfort, and safety, as well as making every node of an intelligent network capable of intelligently sharing data and information with the outside world. Many people also believe that Smart Building Technologies should be integrated into buildings to achieve elegance while also being efficient.
Organizations have invested a significant amount of money in technological systems to help them perform a variety of operations and duties. According to researchers, adoption is divided into five stages: awareness, which involves users or individuals gathering information about a specific technology; persuasion, in which individuals are persuaded to adopt new technology; decision, in which individuals decide to adopt; and implementation, in which technology is incorporated.
Ultimately, the confirmation step, in which the individual compares the actual and projected effects of the given technology.
Intelligent Design theory (ID)
The research is also linked to the Intelligent Design theory (ID). Our buildings are becoming more and more responsive to human demands as technology advances. The devices (automation/sensory-based) not only make them easier to use and function, but they also give the contemporary buildings a sophisticated and high-tech appearance. “Understanding the concept of intelligent design, as well as realizing that science is provisional and subject to many influencing parameters; there is a branch out from this point into the world of Architectural Design, and appreciate the stark contrast between the design created and that of nature.”
The concept of developing a building that is dynamic and sensitive to humans was developed. As a result, a structure can be thought of as a living organism that protects its inhabitants from the outside world. Building Automation System (BAS), embedded sensors and actuators, Design Quality Indicator (DQI), and other systems are then used.
Factors that Influence SBTs' Awareness Level
The process of technology adoption begins with user and operator awareness of the technology and ends with embracement and full usage of the technology. The level of awareness of users or adopters of any technology directly impacts the technology's adoption.
Context of the Organization
Organizations should raise awareness of SBTs to ensure that employees have a basic grasp of SBTs. Additionally, organizations should design an effective training program to help increase and transmit knowledge of smart building practices among employees and suppliers.
Government regulations, according to researchers, are a major motivator of SBT implementation. The government has pushed for the implementation of information technology (IT) legislation that will serve as a foundation for a low-carbon economy. Again, political considerations have an impact on the adoption of new technologies that are required, with political pressure coming from government regulations.
The acceptance and execution of SBTs have been aided by knowledge of SBTs. According to researchers, a pro-environmental strategy necessitates employees' knowledge and skills to contribute significantly to SBT acceptance and implementation. Employees must obtain the appropriate environmental performance, skills, and knowledge because lack of understanding leads to failures in adopting and implementing new technologies.