Everything you need to know before buying the ‘Best UPS’

Are you new to UPS (uninterruptible power supply) systems? Consider this UPS purchasing guide your primer on the fundamentals of UPS systems and how to choose the right one for your needs.




What is an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)?

If electricity failure occurs, a UPS is indeed a battery replacement power source that provides power long enough for appliances to fully shut down. It helps to avoid data loss and reduces the burden that a rough shutdown puts on your electronic equipment.

The UPS also functions as a surge protector, shielding connected devices from power issues such as fluctuations or abnormal voltages, which can harm, shorten the lifetime of, or impair the performance of electronic equipment and devices.


How is the UPS system helpful to me?

The UPS's battery kicks in as the light goes out. Until the battery's capacity is depleted, it supplies estimated loads to all attached users. Via built-in applications (such as Energy Saver in macOS) or installed software, a modern UPS may also signal to a device a variety of conditions, such as remaining time or triggering a shutdown.


Networking equipment with low power requirements is a more general source of problems. Also, if your cable, DSL, or fiber line is driven or active from the ISP's physical plant or a nearby interconnection site, rather than a transformer on your building or block, losing power implies losing internet connectivity. And if it takes hours for the power provider to restore power, a UPS will hold the network up and running.


Battery life varies by system and is dependent on the amount of energy used. You can use the battery backup to shut down critical devices, computers, or even video game consoles without losing data or progress. Different UPS devices also provide different levels of protection against other power issues.


What are some of the most common power issues?

You can encounter the following power issues:

1. Surge - Lightning is a natural source of a brief yet intense surge in electricity. Surges will damage and break circuitry, and electronic components. Devices are affected by the sudden "spike in energy" or spike in voltage and current.

2. Blackout - A power outage that will last anywhere from a few seconds to several days. Extreme conditions, utility power shortages, collisions, and power line faults are the most common causes.

3. Brownout - An accidental or deliberate reduction in voltage that lasts for a long time. In an emergency, power companies can lower your electricity's voltage to save energy and prevent a complete blackout.

4. Voltage Sags - A sag is similar to a brownout except that it occurs suddenly and for a short period of time.

5. Over Voltage - happens when incoming voltage is greater than normal over a longer period of time than a surge, but not high enough to be defined as a surge or spike.

6. Frequency Noise - Frequency noise, often known as line noise, may cause a circuit to malfunction or degrade its output by introducing abnormalities into the device.

7. Frequency Variation - When power sources are stable, this isn't a concern, but it can happen when using generators and the power frequency fluctuates greater than required.

8. Harmonic Distortion - On a given power supply, a deviation from the optimal electrical signal.


What are the different kinds of UPS systems?

According to the type of power protection you need, UPS systems are divided into three divisions.

1) Standby

2) Line-Interactive, and

3) Double-Conversion.


How large should my UPS be?

Most of us must prepare for two scenarios: keeping the network operational and preventing our AC-powered computers from shutting down unexpectedly. These require a variety of hardware and programming choices.

Your UPS must be big enough to accommodate all of the equipment wired into it in order to function properly. You must determine the UPS capacity. The capacity of a UPS system refers to the amount of power it can provide (measured in Watts). The larger the capacity, the more electronic devices and equipment it can handle. Calculate the load to determine the UPS capacity. The Load is the total amount of power used by all of the devices.

Include all equipment that the UPS would be required to operate. Just count the wattage of one power supply if the equipment has several power supplies.

If you're not aware of how many watts your device uses, check the user manual's power supply specifications.


How much time do you want the devices to run once the power goes out?

Once you understand the capacity and load, now you must decide on a runtime. During a blackout, the runtime of a UPS system is the duration it can provide power to the connected devices. The minimal runtime is the amount of time it takes to properly shut down your devices.

When checking for runtime, you will be considering how long the UPS's batteries will keep appliances running during power outages. Keep in mind that the number of watts provided has an impact on runtime: the lower the wattage load, the longer the batteries can last. The runtime will be reduced as the wattage load is increased.


Is it necessary for my UPS to have sine wave output?

Electricity is delivered in the form of a sine wave alternating current by the power source. In the normal mode, the UPS sends the same electrical sine wave to all of your attached devices. If the UPS is switched to battery mode, it can supply the electronics with either sine wave or simulated sine wave electricity.

A pure sine wave is required if your device has active power factor correction (PFC) or integrates fragile or sensitive electronics, especially for audio recording, also Apple iMac Computers, Computers, and Equipment that are Energy Star® or 80 PLUS® efficient systems. It's not always easy to tell if your device has active PFC; if you're not sure, go for a pure sine wave.


How many power outlets do you need for backup?

It's also important to choose a UPS with a USB port for connecting to your desktop computer and software that's compatible with your operating system. Though macOS and Windows have built-in power-management features that can detect compatible UPS hardware, you may need external software to adjust UPS settings (such as alarms) or to generate comprehensive reports and charts on power efficiency and Incidents

UPS OS power-management tools and software offer you the ability to build secure, automated shutdown conditions.

You can define a situation that says, "If the outage lasts longer than three minutes or the battery's power falls below 50%, start an automatic safe shutdown."


Where do I find the best UPS system?

Now that you've made a list of what you'll need in your UPS system, it's time to put it all together. To help you decide which UPS device is right for you, check out our UPS product page. Please contact our UPS systems specialists at business@bharatvikasnetworks.com or call at 9986861892 if you need assistance.

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