What are smart grid systems?
A smart grid is an integrated and interactive power network in general. It brings the generators closer to the consumers. Consumers, on the other hand, can also be generators. Smart control and measurement equipment, digital communications systems, and computer software applications are all novel components in a smart home.
The smart grid's simple structure allows power to be supplied from various energy sources while also allowing for real-time management to enhance efficiency. Individual homes become more energy-efficient as a result of the home smart grid, which reduces total energy consumption and lowers peak demand.
Homeowners can install renewable energy generating components to complement the power they use and to feedback excess power when output exceeds demand. Three devices are needed to improve home energy efficiency: a smart metre that measures power in a timely manner, a home receiver that allows homeowners to track power consumption over time, and a power usage monitor (watt metre) that precisely counts power requirements by particular devices.
What are Home meters?
Analog and digital metres are the two most popular types of home metering systems. The analog metre (electric, gas, and water) measures flow over a set period of time but does not communicate data. Utility organizations are unable to charge based on the expenses of production. There is little incentive for users to reduce their usage during high demand. A digital metering system is an advanced smart metre that can be used to remotely monitor energy consumption and send data to a control centre via a secure communication network.
We can add a digital display to the monitoring capabilities to highlight the energy use and its associated cost to the clients. This is mostly accomplished through the use of an in-home display (IHD). The power strip smart metre is another sort of smart metre. It has one or more channels with voltage/current transducers to monitor power use and relay contacts to control important building equipment.
The following are the features of the smart metre - Check electric usage at least once an hour - Send data to the power company - Wireless network based on RF or IP - Check for disruptions or interruptions - Net metres allow homes to generate electricity and sell it to the utility company when they don't use it.
Smart building and smart meter
Giving everyone a smart metre won't make a building smart. While smart metres are an important part of a truly smart house, smart buildings are more than just smart metres (hardware, software, communication links, and controllers).
Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) is a system that monitors, analyses, and regulates energy consumption. In real-time information management, the IHD plays a critical function. It may be able to communicate with appliances directly. It also includes easy-to-use tools for reducing energy use by 5–10%. Various IHD systems that enable electrical consumers to read data from their smart metre and other measuring equipment in their homes.